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Funding sourced or co-funded by Esme’s Umbrella

(Charity number 1197087)

The world’s first Charles Bonnet Syndrome research was led by Professor Dominic ffytche at King’s College London. This produced the SHAPED report –

Think Sight Loss Think Charles Bonnet Syndrome 2019 

An overview of psychological and social factors in CBS

Trans-cranial direct current stimulation

Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in the Treatment of Visual Hallucinations in Charles Bonnet Syndrome: A Randomized Placebo-Controlled Crossover Trial – PubMed (

CBS proved in children and young adults published 16th September 2020.

Stress and Isolation exacerbate Charles Bonnet Syndrome